In the big world of the liberal professions, pricing varies widely among the various fields and services. In Quebec, the 46 professional orders—whose mission is first and foremost to protect the public—have over 385,000 members, including architects, lawyers, chemists, chartered professional accountants, human resources counsellors, criminologists, dentists, engineers, doctors, notaries, pharmacists, psychologists, social workers and certified translators. To be accredited, all of these professionals have had to take recognized courses and meet the criteria of their respective orders. They are all subject to the same laws and regulations arising from the Professional Code that governs the practice of 54 professions in Quebec.
With regard to fees, professionals usually opt for a set hourly fee which applies to all actions done for the client. For example, a lawyer’s bill will state the time spent speaking on the phone with the client, searching for information, meetings, appearing in court, etc. Dentists, for their part, bill clients for services based on a set schedule for exams, cleaning, scaling, X-rays, etc. What about translators?
Translators in private practice mainly bill by the word, although there is a slight trend toward hourly billing. Whether by the word or hour, the price may vary based on the nature of the text, the amount of time allotted for doing the work, and any additional work required, such as layout or image processing, if any. Note that translation work first calls for a careful reading of the source text, contextual research into the topic, identifying terminology in the text, and finally rendering the message idiomatically in the target language. All of this work is based on one essential condition: the professional translator must also have an in depth knowledge of at least two languages and two cultures. More than “functionally bilingual,” the translator must have a mastery of the target language, and a thorough knowledge of the techniques of the craft, skills that are acquired with many years of training. Not just anybody can be a translator!
Translators, like their counterparts in other professions, are moving toward billing by the hour for the professional services they render. In the meantime, both billing styles coexist in perfect harmony.
*Text translated by Alison Newall.